Basčanska ploća-
replike arheoloskog nalazista u Hrvatskoj

 

BASCANSKA PLOCA
Bascanska ploca je prvi hrvatski pisani spomenik. Nastala je oko 1100. godine u Baski na otoku Krku. Bila je lijevi plutej oltarne ograde u crkvi sv. Lucije. Dva pluteja cine oltarnu pregradu koja razdvaja sakralni prostor od prostora za vjernike.

Ploca je ispisana glagoljskim pismom na starohrvatskom jeziku protkanom elementima crkveno-slavenskog jezika. Na njoj je hrvatsko ime prvi puta napisano hrvatskim jezikom. U tekstu se spominje i ime kralja Zvonimira koji crkvi sv. Lucije daruje ledinu. Prijevod na stokavski govor glasi:
"U ime Oca i Sina i Svetoga Duha, ja opat Držiha pisah ovo o ledini koju dade Zvonimir, kralj hrvatski, u svoje dane svetoj Luciji i svjedoci: Desimira župan u Krbavi, Martin u Lici, Pribineža , posal u Vinodolu, Jakov na otoku. Da tko porece, neka ga prokune Bog i 12 apostola i 4 evandelista i sveta Lucija , amen. Da tko ovdje živi, moli za njih Boga. Ja, opat Dobrovit , zidah crkvu ovu s moje brace devetero u dane kneza Kosmata koji je vladao svom krajinom. I bjese u te dane Mikula u Otoccu sa svetom Lucijom zajedno."

Bascanska ploca se danas nalazi u auli Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u Zagrebu.

 

BASKA TABLE

The Baska Table is the first written monument of the Croatian culture. It was made around 1100 in Baska on the island of Krk. It was the left pluteus of the altar partition in St. Lucy's church, and the partition separated the space for the priests from the space for congregation.

The Table was written in the Glagolitic script in the old Croatian language containing elements of the Slavic church language. A Croatian name was here for the first time written in the Croatian language; the script makes mention of the Croatian king Zvonimir donating a meadow to St. Lucy's church. The translation of the script reads:

I, in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, I, abbot Drzhiha, wrote this about the plot of land which was given by Zvonimir, the Croatian king, in his days to St.. Lucy and witnesses are: Desimir, prefect of Krbava, Mratin in Lika, Pribinezha in Vinodol, Jakov on the island. If anyone denies it, may he be cursed by 12 Apostles and 4 Evangelists and St.. Lucy. May anyone who lives here pray for them. I, abbot Dobrovit, built this church together with my nine brothers in the days of Duke Kosmat who ruled the whole Country. In those days Mikula was in Otocac with St.. Lucy.

he Baska Table can be seen today in the entrance hall of the Croatian Academy of Science and Arts in Zagreb


VIDEO (zvučni zapis s Baščanske ploče/ audio text from Baska's table)





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